CAREER OPTION : Agricultural Engineer


Being an Agricultural Engineer

Farming plays an important role in the environment, the economy and of course food production. In order to make farming as successful as possible amidst the environmental and other challenges of today, we require innovation and technology. As an agricultural engineer, you will be the driving force behind the invention and maintenance of such technologies. It is a discipline that applies engineering science and technology for agricultural production and processing. In order to become an agricultural engineer, you need to pursue a bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering.

As an agricultural engineer, you will be addressing problems related to agriculture and developing agricultural machinery and equipment using computer aided technology. You will help with pollution control at larger farms and will be involved in efforts to produce new forms of biomass. You can design structures to store and process crops, design food-processing plants and supervise manufacturing operations, test agricultural machinery and equipment to ensure that they perform properly and provide advice on quality issues and pollution control. You will be spending time in variety of worksites both indoors and outdoors and interacting with various people.



  • You must have qualifying marks in your H.S.C. (10+2) exams under a recognised board of education with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Maths being your core subjects.
  • You must pass in entrance exams for engineering conducted by several state and central or private educational bodies. Some of these entrance exams are UPTU – SEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination) and MP_PET (Madhya Pradesh Pre-Engineering Test).


Required skills

  • You must possess good analytical skills to design systems that will be a part of a large agricultural area.
  • You must have problem solving skills in order to find solutions to agricultural barriers.
  • Listening skills are a must since you will have to hear from clients, workers and other professional working on a related project or the same project.
  • You must be well equipped in maths since you will be dealing with principles of calculus. Trigonometry and other advanced topics in maths.
  • Willingness to work during any time of the day or work over-time. This is how the nature of agricultural projects usually are.
  • You must be able to address the concerns of those people who are likely to work with or will be using the systems and technology that you invent.


How to become an Agricultural Engineer

STEP 1: After completing your H.S.C. (10+2) you can pursue an engineering degree in agriculture. In order to qualify, you need to write entrance exams conducted by state and central bodies or private educational colleges.

STEP 2: As per your rank in these entrance exams, you will be admitted into the respective college. The duration of the course if for 4 years.

STEP 3: The subjects that will be covered during these 4 years of study are; engineering mathematics, farm machinery and power, soil and water conservation engineering and agricultural processing and food engineering. You can then opt for work or pursue higher studies.


Best Institutions

  • Assam Agricultural University – Assam
  • Kerala Agricultural University – Thrissur
  • Gautam Buddh Technical University – Lucknow
  • Bhagwant University – Ajmer


Career Prospects

After completing your graduation, your employment areas are Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Directorate of Oil Palm Research, Food Corporation of India, National Seeds Corporation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute etc. to name a few. You can work as an agricultural scientist in these organizations or pursue a career in teaching in this domain.


As a fresher, your salary will range between Rs.25, 000 to Rs.35, 000 per month. Depending upon your seniority and capability, and with promotional benefits, the salary can get as high as Rs.70, 000 per month.