CAREER OPTION : Biotechnologist


Career  as a Biotechnologist

Do you have a passion for Biology and a special interest in understanding the basic building blocks of living organisms – the cells? Then a biotechnologist is a career that you can opt for. Biotechnologist is a professional scientist with genuine concern for living things and the use of cells and bacteria in industrial processes. With a rapid increase in population, the demand for food, water and other supplies are increasing at a large rate. At the same time the availability of these resources are depleting at a large scale. Hence, a balance has to be made between the availability and usage of these resources. This is where biotechnology has a role to play.

As a biotechnologist, you will be doing a wide variety of researches and covering topics like genetics, biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, virology, health and medicine, agriculture, animal husbandry etc. to name a few. You will be responsible to carry out activities that improve animal breeding, improve the quality of seeds and insecticides and to develop better fertilisers for better agricultural enhancement. You can also help in pollution control and waste management. Depending upon your findings and analysis you can suggest applications of various technologies in various biological fields.



  • You must have taken science stream in your H.S.C. (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry and Biology being your main subjects. Some school also give the option of selecting biotechnology as your fourth core subject.
  • You must have qualifying marks in your H.S.C. examination under a recognised board of education.


Required Skills

  • You must have utmost efficiency, good interpretation skills, confidence to accept challenges and the ability to understand things as they come beforehand.
  • Patience and perseverance are must have attributes for a biotechnologist since a lot of your mind will be involved in research and analysis.
  • You must be inventive, detail oriented, creative, curious and investigative about various aspects of life.
  • You must be good at problem solving, planning and analysing different situations and objects.
  • A high level of accuracy and attention to detail is always an added advantage. Technical and statistic data analysis will help you become on top of the toppers list.


How to become a Biotechnologist

STEP 1: After completing your H.S.C. exams you have to apply for a Bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology. There are two degrees available namely; Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology and Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology.

STEP 2: You have to attend entrance exams to be eligible to join the course. A few examples of these entrance exams are AIIMS Biotechnology Entrance Exam, All India Biotechnology entrance exam, Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam, University of Delhi Biotechnology Exam, IIT JEE exam etc.

STEP 3: It is a 3 years academic course where you will be trained in subjects like introductory biology chemistry, biophysical chemistry, cell biology and genetics, bio-energetics and membranes, animal and plant physiology, bio-statistics and computer, molecular biology and biotechnology, animal and plant biotechnology and industrial and environmental biotechnology.

STEP 4: After your UG program, you can do masters in the same domain or start working with professional industries.


Best Institutions

  • Jaypee Institute of Information Technology – Noida
  • The Oxford College of Science – Bangalore
  • Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University – New Delhi


Career Prospects

You can be a research scientist, teacher, lecturer, science marketer, science writer, bio informist, quality control officer or product inspector in food, chemical or pharmaceutical industry. You can also get jobs in government sectors such as research institutions, educational organizations etc.



Your salary will depend upon your experience, the university from which you have graduated and your academic qualification. As a starter you can earn between 4 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs per annum. This can get as high as 10 lakhs per annum with experience and performance.