CAREER OPTION : Forensic Scientist


Career As a Forensic Scientist

If you have strong writing, analytical and thinking skills, and if solving mysteries are something that you have interest in, then a forensic scientist is the best career option to choose for. You will apply your scientific knowledge and techniques as a forensic scientist which will further help in solving a crime. With increasing crime rate in the society and the advancement of technology to find these culprits, the demand or forensic scientists have increased rapidly. As a forensic scientist, you will use the latest technology to convert clues derived from the crime scene into evidences.

You will analyse physical evidences like traces of saliva, blood, hair, fingerprints etc. to confirm the crime culprit and his/her presence in the crime scene. You will further compare it to the marks on the victim or with the person that you have doubts about. You will work closely with the police force and appear in the court while a case hearing takes place to provide information about your findings and evidences. The career is extremely challenging and exciting but also requires a great deal of hard work.


  • Qualifying marks in your H.S.C. (10+2) exams under a recognised board of education with Physics, Chemistry and Biology being your main subjects.
  • A graduate degree in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Botany, Biochemistry, Zoology and Microbiology or a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy or dental surgery.

Required Skills

  • A logical and analytical approach.
  • Patience and concentration to deal with small objects and conduct a detailed research about the same.
  • Scientific skills to make the right conclusion and keen observatory skills to study the smallest of details.
  • A high degree of accuracy since your reports are the final evidence for a crime scene. Small variations can even lead to the escape of a dangerous criminal or indulgence of an innocent one.
  • Strong written and spoken communication skills are a must since you have to report verbally and in written means to the court and police force.

How to become a Forensic Scientist

STEP 1: After completing your H.S.C. (10+2) exams, you will have to join for a bachelor’s degree in either of these subjects; Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Zoology, Microbiology, Botany, Biochemistry, Pharmacy or Dental Surgery. You can also enrol into a bachelor’s degree in forensic science which extends up to 3 years.

STEP 2: After completing your bachelor’s degree, you need to join for a master’s degree in Forensic Science. However, if you wish to conduct post-mortems on dead bodies and find out death causes, you have to enrol into an MBBS degree after clearing your entrance exams that are conducted by state and central bodies. The MBBS degree will extend up to 5 years and the forensic science master’s will extend up to 2 years.

STEP 3: The subjects that you will cover are criminology, criminal behaviour, socio-cultural-psychological factors, law and criminology, forensic science and lab, behavioural science, languages, physical evidence, fingerprint, metric system, blood analysis, biological fluids, toxicology, pharmacology, handwriting and typewriting, fraudulent documents, anthropology, photography, microscopy, spectohpometry and x-ray, explosion, communication, ballistics, wounds and practical training.

Best Institutions

  • Punjab University – Punjab
  • University of Delhi – Delhi
  • Amity University – Noida
  • Bundelkhand University – Uttar Pradesh

Career Prospects

After graduating, you can start your own laboratory or join law enforcement agencies like the police. CBI, intelligence bureau etc. You can also work with medical institutions or organizations.


If you have joined an investigative force, your salary can vary between Rs.30, 000 to Rs.40, 000 in the initial stages. If you are running your own agency, there is no limit to your income. You can charge between Rs.5, 000 to Rs.2 lakhs per case with expertise and experience.