CAREER OPTION : Veterinary Physician


Caree as a Veterinary Physician

Being a veterinarian is much more than being a person who loves animals. You’re giving a voice to those creatures that cannot speak for themselves. A veterinary physician is somebody who gives medical treatment to animals. As a veterinary doctor, you will be examining animals to diagnose health problems, treating and dressing their wounds, performing surgeries, testing and vaccinating against diseases, prescribing medications and euthanizing them if necessary.

In order to become a veterinary physician, you need to complete the course of Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry at an accredited college of veterinary medicine. You will have a crucial role to play in the lives of livestock and farm animals. Other than that, you also will have to deal with small domesticated animals. You will acquire a broad scientific knowledge as well as technical skills to function independently in a wide array of clinical responsibilities, research and other situations. Apart from dealing with animals, there is also a sense of responsibility you will have towards the society.



  • You must have qualifying grades in your H.S.C. (10+2) exams from a recognized board of education.
  • Biology, Physics and Chemistry should have been your core subjects in your higher secondary education.
  • You have to appear for separate entrance exams and clear them to get admitted into this course.


Requires skills

  • Observation: Since the animals cannot speak for themselves about their health problems, make sure that you are a keen observer before you opt for this course.
  • Communication: In this aspect, communication does not include verbal interaction but the study of changes in behaviour, activity and posture.
  • Behavioural and Social attributes The candidate must be tolerant emotionally and physically to function effectively under any circumstances.
  • You must possess a high commitment to your professional skills like compassion, integrity, lifelong learning, concern for other living beings, team spirit, interpersonal skills, interest and of course promotion of the public good.


How to become a veterinary physician

  • You have to clear your entrance exams that are conducted for this Bachelor’s Degree. The most common entrance test conducted is AIPVT (All India Pre-Veterinary Test) conducted by the Veterinary Council of India.
  • Entrance paper will consist of questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology about topics that have been covered in your 10+2 syllabus.
  • The course duration is for 5 years, with ten semesters to be covered in these years.
  • The subjects that you will be covering in these five years are; Veterinary Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Parasitology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Microbiology, Pathology, Public health and Epidemiology, Animal nutrition, Genetics and Breeding, Livestock Production Management, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Surgery and Radiology, Vet Medicine and Animal Husbandry and Clinical Practice.
  • The average fee would vary from Rs.10, 000 to Rs.25, 000 depending upon various institutions. However, there is scope for further studies in courses like M.V.Sc. (Masters in Veterinary Science).



Best Institutions

  • Veterinary College and Research Institute – Tamil Nadu
  • Birsa Agricultural University – Ranchi
  • College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences – Bikaner


Career Prospects

Research institutes, dairy/piggery/poultry farms, veterinary clinics, zoos, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, etc. are some areas where you can be an employee. Other than that, you can also opt to teach in the same domain for a career. You can also practice privately. There are also openings in government positions such as livestock development officer.



Your average gross starting salary when you are in your stage of clinical practice ranges from Rs.15, 000 – Rs.20, 000 per month. A private practitioner may earn more depending upon his experience and popularity.