Almost everything you can see around has been made by some engineering statistics and has an engineer involved in the making of it. The world revolves around engineers and the things surrounding us are a part of it. With the advancement in technologies and conventional methods of living life, everything is developing with a good pace making engineers in demand and engineering, a sought-after profession. There are many who contribute to the betterment of society and engineers will always remain a backbone to modern humanity. Engineering has a wide range of types to select from and almost anything that interests you will be a branch of engineering. Engineers are the one who set an epitome of uniquely developed projects. With a good effort and a sincere working spirit, anyone can successfully climb the ladder to the long-standing legacy, that is engineering.

We say, if we kick a random guy, the place where he will end up landing will be an engineering college. The reason being that Engineering is the most picked-up profession in the present scenario. Not because it’s a child’s play but because it strengthens the basic knowledge level most effectively after +2 and shapes the personality of an individual in every possible way. So, if you are confused to choose a track to walk on after high schooling, and you want to excel your command in programming, development, electronics, mechanics, or construction, you should start with engineering.Bachelor’s in engineering is a basic under-graduation degree.


It is a four-year course after your 10+2. However, you can also go for embedded courses like B.E/B.Tech+M.E/M.tech, a 5-year course. You need to clear an entrance exam to get into a good institute and earn your engineering degree. You can pursue this degree from many different institutes across India and abroad.

There is a common exam conducted for government colleges. The most renowned and dreamt about college for an engineering aspirant is IIT. However, private colleges generally conduct their private entrance exams. Also, the top state government colleges conduct their own entrance test for domicile holders.

Types of engineering:

The core branches are-

  • Mechanical
  • Electrical
  • Civil
  • Electronics

Other branches of engineering are:

  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Information Technology Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechatronics Engineering
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering
  • Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering

Subjects of Engineering in First and Second semester are:

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Applied Physicsor Applied Chemistry
  • Basic Electrical engineering or basic mechanical engineering
  • Communication Skills or Environmental studies
  • Computer Programming or Basic Electronics
  • Manufacturing processes or English language & Grammar


  • Physics Lab/ Chemistry Lab
  • Electrical Engineering/ Mechanical Engineering/ Biology Lab
  • Computer Programming Lab/ Workshop Practice
  • Engineering Graphics/ Professional Comm. Lab
  • General Proficiency


Maths syllabus of engineering will cover and build your concepts in the basics of math topics you have studied about in your secondary and higher secondary schooling. Some of the topics are Matrices, Differential Calculus-I, Differential Calculus-II, Multiple Integrals and Vector Calculus.


Electrostatics, Wave Optics, Optical activity and Modern Optics, Properties of Matter and Relativistic Mechanics, Quantum Physics are some of the topics in physics you might study about in your first year of engineering.


Molecular Theory and solid state chemistry, Structures and polymers, Equilibrium and electrochemistry, Classification of fuels and thermodynamics are some of the subtopics in Chemistry that might cover your subject curriculum.


Few topics that might cover your syllabus in communication skills are Introduction to communication, Interpersonal communication, Written Communication, Grammar and voices.


Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental studies, Ecosystem, Biodiversity and its conservation, Environmental Pollution, Social issues related to environmental conservation, etc. are some of the highlighted topics you might get some knowledge with in Environmental studies.


This subject will cover the basic concepts of electronics and electrical instruments like D.C. and A.C. Circuits, Three phase AC Circuits, Introduction of power System, Principle of Electromechanical energy conversion, DC machines and motors.


This subject will highlight your mind with the basics of mechanical engineering topics like Fundamental concepts of mechanics, Laws of thermodynamics, Force system and Analysis, Structure Analysis, Stress and Strain, and Pulleys and blocks.


This subject will enhance your knowledge about basics of computers and computer programming languages. Some of the topics you might read about are introduction to computers, basics of C language, Introduction to pointers and functions, Introduction to internet, Safety measures while using Internet, Array and operations, structures, etc.


These will detail you about the highlights of electronics and subjects like semi-conductor diode, BJT characteristics and circuits, Field effect transistors, Switching theory & Logic gates, Operational Amplifier and electronic instruments.


This subject will build your basics in topics related to Metals and machines, welding processes, properties of metals and alloys, misc. processes and so on.


Engineering graphics is a tool to communicate ideas, Lettering, and dimensioning. It deals with the construction of geometrical figures like pentagon and hexagon. Some of the topics you will read about in this category are Orthographic projection of objects, Isometric projection of objects, Sectioning of solids, Point and line projection, projection of solids in different planes, and such similar topics.


Here, the topics are meant to improve your personality and communication skills, as a whole. Some of the topics are Introduction to communication, interpersonal communication, grammar through worksheets that includes active and passive voice, subject-verb agreement, parts of speech, tenses and uses, modals, direct and indirect speech, and similar things; written communication like article writing, letter writing, email writing, letter to enquire and respond, etc.

Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and the commercial applications that meet societal and consumer needs. Many engineers develop new products. Also, the engineers make a good sum of money once they have the knowledge and degree in hand. The aerospace engineer is the next best-paid professional in the field. These experts earn a median annual salary of 77,805 dollars in the US. The most experienced aerospace engineers can earn up to 122,050 dollars per year.