A doctor basically knows the way and shows the way. Sounds magnificent! but one can’t just jump on an escalator and get the tag of a doctor, one instead must step on the rungs of opportunity, one by one, and climb the ladder. Time, patience, dedication and hard work must be added to every step you take to make sure you stand out and get paid off in the long run. You need to opt for Physics, Chemistry & Biology & Math (optional) in 10+2. A solution to every and any discomfort you face is a Doctor. He is someone who has been trained and licensed to heal the sick.

MBBS is all medical and even the biology we read in our 12th, that comes too little as basics of human biology in first year of MBBS. The second-year deals with further close and detailed knowledge of subjects related to MBBS. Third year MBBS consists of one year which includes the Subjects–

  1. Ophthalmology
  2. ENT
  3. Community medicine.

Ophthalmology refers to Eye, ENT is based on Ear Nose and Throat while Community Medicine is somewhat branch of Medicine but with detailed Epidemiology.


Ophthalmology in Third Year MBBS deals with primary eye care and study of related diseases.


The Syllabus for Ophthalmology for Third Year MBBS has been listed below:

  2. A) Conjunctiva
  • Symptomatic conditions: – Hyperemia, Sub conjunctival Haemorrhage
  • Diseases: – Classification of Conjunctivitis
    • Mucopurulant Conjunctivitis
    • Membranous Conjunctivitis Spring Catarrh
    • Degenerations :- Pinguecula and Pterigium
  1. B) Cornea
  • Corneal Ulcers: Bacterial, Fungal, Viral, Hypopyon
  • Interstitial Keratitis
  • Keratoconus
  • Pannus
  • Corneal Opacities
  • Keratoplasty
  1. C) Sclera
  • Episcleritis
  • Scleritis
  • Staphyloma
  1. D) Uvea
  • Classification of Uveitis
  • Etiology, Investigation and Principles Management of Uveitis
  • Acute & Chronic Iridocyclitis
  • Panophthalmitis
  • End Ophthalmitis
  • Choriditis
  1. E) Lens
  • Cataract – Classification & surgical management of cataract
  • Including Preoperative Investigation
  • Aphakia
  • IOL Implant
  1. F) Glaucoma
  • Aqueous Humor Dynamics
  • Tonometry
  • Factors controlling Normal I.O.P
  • Provocative Tests
  • Classifications of Glaucoma
  • Congenital Glaucoma
  • Angle closure Glaucoma
  • Open Angle Glaucoma
  • Secondary Glaucoma
  1. G) Vitreous
  • Vitreous: Opacities
  • Vitreous:Haemorrhage
  1. H) Intraocular Tumours
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Malignant Melanoma
  1. I) Retina
  • Retinopathies : Diabetic, Hypertensive Toxaemia of Pregnancy
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa, Retinoblastoma
  1. J) Optic nerve
  • Optic Neuritis
  • Papilloedema
  • Optic Atrophy
  1. K) Optics

Principles : V.A. testing Retinoscopy, Ophthalmoscopy

  • Refraction Errors
  • Refractive Keratoplasty
  • Contact lens, Spectacles
  1. L) Orbit
  • Proptosis – Aetiology, Clinical Evaluation, Investigations & Principles of Management
  • Endocrinal Exophthalmos
  • Orbital Haemorrhage
  1. M) Lids
  • Inflammations of Glands
  • Blepharitis
  • Trichiasis, Entropion
  • Ectropion
  • Symblepharon
  • Ptosis
  1. N) Lacrimal System
  • Wet Eye
  • Dry Eye
  • Naso Lacrimal Duct Obstruction
  • Dacryocystitis
  1. O) Ocular Mobility
  • Extrinsic Muscles
  • Movements of Eye Ball
  • Squint : Gen. Aetiology, Diagnosis and principles of Management
  • Paralytic and Non Paralytic Squint
  • Heterophoria
  • Diplopia

2) Principles of Management of Major Opthalmic Emergencies

  • Acute Congestive Glaucoma
  • Ulcer
  • Intraocular Trauma
  • Chemical Burns
  • Sudden Loss of vision
  • Acute Iridocyclitis
  • Secondary Glaucomas

3) Main Systemic Diseases Affecting the Eye

  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis
  • Leprosy
  • Aids
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension

4) Drugs

  • Antibiotics
  • Steroids
  • Glaucoma Drugs
  • Mydriatics
  • Visco elastics
  • Fluoresceue

5) Community Ophthalmology

  • Blindness : Definition Causes & Magnitude
  • P.C.B. – Integration of N.P.C.B. with other health
  • Preventable Blindness
  • Eye care
  • Role of PHC’s in Eye Camps
  • Eye Banking

6) Nutritional

  • Vitamin A Deficiency

ENT (Ear Nose Throat)

ENT in Third Year MBBS deals with common disorders, emergencies in ENT, and basic principles of impaired hearing and rehabilitation.

Syllabus: The Syllabus for ENT for Third Year MBBS has been listed below:


  • Anatomy/physiology
  • Diseases of buccal cavity
  • Diseases of pharynx
  • Tonsils and adenoids
  • Pharyngeal tumours and related topics (trismus, Plummer .Vinson Syndrome etc.)
  • Anatomy /physiology/examination
  • Methods/symptomatology of larynx
  • Stridor /tracheostomy
  • Laryngitis /laryngeal trauma/ Laryngeal paralysis/ foreign body larynx/Bronchus, etc.
  • Laryngeal tumours

Nose and Paranasal sinuses:

  • Anatomy /physiology/ exam.
  • Methods /symptomatology
  • Diseases of ext. nose/cong.


  • Trauma to nose/p.n.s/Foreign Body. / Rhinolith
  • Epistaxis
  • Diseases of nasal septum
  • Rhinitis
  • Nasal polyps/nasal allergy
  • Sinusitis and its complications
  • Tumours of nose and Para nasal sinuses

EAR:Study of Ear, including the basic anatomy, physiology and diseases related to ear.


  • Anatomy / Physiology
  • Methods / methods of examination
  • Congenital diseases / ext.ear /middle ear
  • Acute/chronic supp. otitis media – Aetiology, clinical features and its management/complications
  • Serous/adhesive otitis media
  • Mastoid/middle ear surgery
  • Otosclerosis/tumours of ear
  • Facial paralysis/Meniere’s disease
  • Tinnitus /ototoxicity
  • Deafness/hearing aids/rehabilitation
  • Audiometry


Community Medicine in Third Year MBBS deals with Teachings of the community and general understanding.

Syllabus: The Syllabus for Community Medicine for Third Year MBBS has been listed below:

  • Basic concept of Health and disease
  • Sociology and health
  • Epidemiology
  • Communicable disease epidemiology
  • Non-communicable disease epidemiology
  • National Health Programmes of India
  • Environment and impact on health
  • Entomology
  • Occupational Medicine / occupational health
  • Genetics and health
  • Nutrition and health
  • Health care management India and International
  • Primary Health care
  • International Health and travelers health

Higher medical degrees:

You can also go for higher medical courses once you are done with your MBBS. Doctors who hold a primary qualification can go on to a further academic study specializing to the field of interest, involving research, i.e.,

  • Doctor of Medicine by research (MD(Res), DM)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil)
  • Master of Clinical Medicine (MCM)
  • Master of Medical Science (MMSc, MMedSc)
  • Master of Medicine (MM, MMed)
  • Master of Philosophy (MPhil)


Being a doctor is considered as one of the most divine and most respected profession in the society as to be a doctor immense hard work and dedication is required. Since it is a profession that offers no chance to do a mistake and handle human life directly, being a doctor has its benefits and disadvantages. It’s a profession that has service in mind and shall be done with utmost care and concern. Being a doctor is not an easy task as you have to be focused towards your studies and you have to work with dedication. But once you become a doctor, you are into one of the most respected profession and you can get highly paid as well. There are master courses in your field to polish your skills in your field more and to add to your salary package as well.