Doctors can specialize in a number of medical areas, such as pediatrics, anesthesiology or cardiology, or they can work as general practice physicians to examine, diagnose and treat patients. To serve as a medical doctor requires earning a doctoral degree in medicine and participating in clinicalrotations.Being a doctor is considered as one of the most divine and most respected profession in the society as to be a doctor immense hard work and dedication is required. Since it is a profession that offers no chance to do a mistake and handle human life directly, being a doctor has its benefits and disadvantages. It’s a profession that has service in mind and shall be done with utmost care and concern.

A solution to every and any discomfort you face is a Doctor. He is someone who has been trained and licensed to heal the sick. A doctor basically knows the way and shows the way. Sounds magnificent! but one can’t just jump on an escalator and get the tag of a doctor, one instead has to step on the rungs of opportunity, one by one, and climb the ladder. Time, patience, dedication and hard work must be added to every step you take to make sure you stand out and get paid off in the long run. You need to opt for Physics, Chemistry & Biology & Math (optional) in 10+2.

MBBS is all medical and even the biology we read in our 12th, that comes too little as basics of human biology in first to fifth year of MBBS.

In fifth year of MBBS, major subjects you will be studying about are:

  1. Gynaecology & Obstetrics
  2. Internal Medicine
  3. Paediatrics
  4. Infectious Disease
  5. Surgery
  6. Internship Test


  • Obstetric history taking and examination
  • Conception, implantation and development of placenta
  • fetal circulation, abnormalities of placenta
  • Fetal skull and bony pelvis
  • Diagnosis of pregnancy
  • Physiological changes associated with pregnancy
  • Ante-natal care
  • Early pregnancy loss and its management
  • Puberty and adolescence
  • Ovulation and its clinical importance
  • Normal menstruation
  • Menstrual abnormalities
  • Gynecological history taking and examination
  • Minor gynecological operative procedures
  • Amenorrhea
  • Infertility
  • Contraception
  • Ectopic pregnancy


  1. CARDIOLOGY: The course outline is as follows:
    • Rheumatic fever and infective endocarditis
    • Valvular heart diseases
    • Mitral valve
    • Aortic valve
    • Ischemic heart disease
    • Angina
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Cardiac arrhythmias
    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Ventricular tachycardia
    • Premature atrial and ventricular beats
    • Heart failure
  1. PULMONOLOGY: course outlines include
  • Asthma
  • Environmental lung diseases/occupational.
  • Asbestosis
  • Silicosis
  • Bagassosis
  • Pneumoconiosis
  • Byssinosis
  • Farmer’s lung
  • Pneumonia
  1. DERMATOLOGY: course outline includes
  • Anatomy, physiology of skin related to clinical dermatology
  • Infestations: scabies, pediculosis
  • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
  • Fungal and viral diseases
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Eczemas
  • Psoriasis
  • Lichen planus
  • Bullous disorders
  • Pigmentary disorders
  • Disorders of nails
  • Disorders of hairs
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Infections and inflammatory lesions
  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Epilepsy and other convulsive disorders
  • Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke)
  • Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders
  • Motor neuron disease
  1. ALIMENTARY SYSTEM: course outlines
  • Oral cavity
  • Infections and inflammatory disorders
  • Benign and malignant diseases
  • Esophagus
  • Dysphagia with special reference to
  • Ca esophagus
  • GERD
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Liver
  • Ascites
  • Jaundice
  1. KIDNEYS AND URINARY SYSTEM: course outlines
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Acute renal failure
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Lead, uric acid, hypercalcemia, radiation & hypersensitivity
  • Nephropathy
  • Drugs contra indicated in renal insufficiency
  • Drugs to be used with caution in renal disease
  1. ENDOCRINOLOGY: course outlines
  • Anterior pituitary
  • Growth hormone disorders
  • Acromegaly
  • Gigantism
  • Short stature
  • Infertility
  • Diseases of hypothalamus and posterior pituitary
  • Empty sella syndrome
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH)
  • Thyroid gland
  1. RHEUMATOLOGY: course outlines
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis and related arthropathies
  • Paget’s disease of the bone
  • Osteopetrosis (marble bone disease)
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Multi-System Immunological Diseases
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  1. METABOLIC DISORDERS:course outlines
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Porphyria
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Gout and hypercalcemia
  • Storage diseases
  • Lipid
  1. INFECTIOUS DISEASES: course outlines
  • Clinical syndromes
  • Sepsis and septic shock, meningococcemia
  • Acute infectious diarrheal diseases and bacterial food
  • poisoning
  • Hospital acquired infections
  • Common disease syndromes caused by the following bacteria
  • and their drug therapy
  • Pneumococci
  • Staphylococci
  1. HAEMATOLOGY: course outlines
  • oB-12 deficiency
  • folic acid deficiency
  • Anemia of chronic disorder
  1. PSYCHIATRY: course outlines
    • Mood disorders
    • Major depressive episodes
    • Unipolar
    • Bipolar
    • Dysthymic
    • Atypical
    • Maniac episodes
    • Anxiety disorders
    • Acute anxiety states
    • Panic disorders
    • Generalized anxiety disorders


  • Common problems of children in Pakistan and statistics of Pakistani
  • Children (Clinical methods in pediatrics, Nutrition (breast feeding, infant feeding, weaning))
  • Disorders(PEM, rickets, vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency, irondeficiency)
    • Growth and development
    • Common pediatric infections: measles, tetanus, polio, diphtheria
  • whooping cough, aids
  • Malaria, enteric fever, tuberculosis, chicken pox, common skin
  • infections
    • Expanded program of immunization (EPI): newer vaccines


  • Clinical syndromes.
  • Sepsis and septic shock, meningococcemia
  • Acute infectious diarrheal diseases and bacterial foodpoisoning
  • Hospital acquired infections
  • Common disease syndromes caused by the following bacteriaand their drug therapy
  • Pneumococci
  • Staphylococci
  • Streptococci
  • Hemophilic influenzae
  • Shigella
  • Gonococci
  • Pseudomonas
  • Following diseases in detail:
  • Tetanus
  • Enteric fever/salmonellosis
  • Cholera
  • Tuberculosis
  • Leprosy
  • Amoebiasis/giardiasis/trichomoniasis
  • Malaria
  • AIDS
  • Rabies
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Helminthic infestations
  • Ascariasis
  • Hookworm
  • Whipworm (trichiasis)
  • Threadworm (entrobiasis)
  • Taenia (tapeworm)
  • Hydatid diseases


The course outline is as follows:

  • Systems and the Diseases:
  • Head, Face and Neck
  • Breast
  • Chest Wall & Thorax
  • Gastro Intestinal Tract
  • Abdominal, Pelvic and Genital Trauma and Hernia.
  • urogenital trauma.
  • Liver
  • Gall Bladder
  • Pancreas
  • Spleen
  • Urinary Tract
  • Orthopedics and Trauma
  • Vascular and Nerve Disorders

There are many job opportunities after pursuing your MBBS. You can go for specialisation in our field and become a specialist doctor in your field of interest. So, go and grab your cup and name it with the medicine created by you.