CAREER OPTION : Archaeologist


All about being an Archaeologist

History has many lessons that they have taught the mankind. And if you have been interested in any, then here is a course that perfectly suits your domain of interest. Archaeology is the study of how people interacted with their surroundings in the past. Information is gathered after a detailed study of historical objects, locations, monuments and heritage. An archaeologist conducts field investigations, studies about historical artefacts, excavates different sites, prepare documentations and reports and publishes their results in journals.

Archaeology is an important career since it helps you in finding out about the past and why human culture has changed over time. As an archaeologist, you can work as full time or part time and get into good positions under government jobs. It is an extremely competitive and rewarding profession because of which you will have to build up practical experience and theoretical knowledge. The course that you must opt for to become an archaeologist is Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Archaeology which is a three year undergraduate course. After your undergraduate course, there is scope for post-graduation with Master of Arts (M.A.) in Archaeology.


  • You need to have qualifying marks in your H.S.C (10+2) examinations to be eligible for your B.A. Archaeology course.
  • Also, an interest to study about evolution and history is very crucial if you want to be successful with your career.

Required Skills

  • You must be versatile, skilled, resourceful, and curious in nature since the entire course and career includes research and discoveries.
  • You must be compatible with working outdoors and doing paper work.
  • Enjoy science and have a keen observation.
  • Have the willingness to live in any condition while doing field work.

How to become an Archaeologist

  • Earn a Bachelor of Arts degree in Archaeology from a renowned institution.
  • The course will be conducted in three years and the subjects covered will be excavation methods, dating techniques, interpretation of historic artefacts, ancient technology, evolution and art history, principles of archaeology, field research, paleo anthropology, zoo archaeology and classical world. You have to clear your practical and theoretical training and exams in these subjects to qualify with a degree.
  • Other than B.A. in Archaeology, you can also opt for courses in anthropology, geography or history and do a course in M.A. Archaeology or Ph.D. Archaeology.

Best Institutions

  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University – Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi
  • Tumkur University – Karnataka
  • University of Madras – Tamil Nadu

Career Prospects

After being a professional archaeologist, you can work as a lecturer at universities, work as an archaeologist at museums, private companies, and also be employed as a government archaeologist. Majority of the job opportunities are in cultural resource management as there is a need for archaeological assessment of sites for development and other projects.


The basic pay scale of an assistant archaeologist varies from Rs.15, 000 to Rs.20, 000 per month for a start. With experience, the salary could go up to Rs.40, 000 per month.