If you have a caring heart, want to help others and also have a professional career, being a nurse is the right choice to make. With growing health awareness and medical facilities around the globe, nurse as a career is also growing at a rapid speed. It offers you a wide range of opportunities across the world. It is a profession that has value above monetary benefits and services. The word nurse itself is used with reference to the most sacred relation between a mother and child. It is an extremely noble profession, along with which also comes great responsibilities.

As a nurse, your duties can vary depending upon various environments that you work under. The main duties performed by a nurse are performing physical exams and taking down health histories, providing counselling and education to children and adults about taking care of themselves when in sickness, administering medications, wound care and other treatments, prompt actions in case of emergency health variations and assisting doctors.



  • The minimum educational qualification required for pursuing a degree in nursing is qualifying marks in your H.S.C. (10+2) examinations from a recognised board.
  • Only science stream students can opt for nursing as a career.
  • Clear entrance examinations conducted by state and central boards. The entrance examination will have objective type questions in subjects like Biology, Physics and Chemistry.
  • Some private institutions provide admissions without attending the entrance tests also.


Required skills

  • Knowledge about the field and conditions that you will have to work in the given time.
  • Patience, positivity and a solid framework of ethics that will help personally and professionally.
  • Confident, caring, supportive and precise in conducting duties.


How to become a nurse

To become a nurse, one has to undergo the following course:

B.Sc. Nursing

It is a 4 year undergraduate course, which is controlled by the Indian Nursing Council in India. There are 8 semesters in this course where students are equipped with both practical and theoretical training programmes to enhance their skills and abilities.

There is further scope of study after completing your B.Sc. Nursing. You can opt for M.Sc. Nursing, which is a master’s degree in nursing. M.Sc. Nursing is a two years course, and also has entrance exams to be written, in order to qualify for admissions.

You will be trained in subjects like anatomy, sociology, physiology, pharmacology, nutrition, pathology and genetics, biochemistry, surgical nursing, psychology, microbiology, computer, community health, paediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing, educational nursing, midwifery and obstetrical nursing and nursing research and statistics.

The total fee structure for B.Sc. Nursing ranges from 50000 – 1 lakh as per the college. Whereas for M.Sc. Nursing, the fee structure varies from Rs.30, 000 to Rs.50, 000.

For you post-graduation, you can opt for subjects like O.T techniques, Ophthalmic nursing, Leprosy nursing, TB nursing, Psychiatric nursing, Neurological nursing, Community health nursing, Cancer nursing, Orthopaedic nursing and Paediatric nursing. Other than M.Sc. Nursing, you can also opt for courses like M.Sc. Neuroscience, MBA in Pharmaceutical management, M.Sc. Biotechnology and so on.


Best Institutions

  • Christian Medical College – Vellore
  • Armed Forces Medical College – Pune
  • Sri Ramchandra University – Chennai
  • University of Calicut – Calicut

Career prospects

After completing your graduation, you can work in various sectors and industries. To start with, you can become a healthcare assistant, or assistant nurse. Later you can become a head nurse. The different career options are; nurse anaesthetist, general nurse practitioner, pain management, psychiatric nurse, family nurse, certified midwife nurse, informatics nurse, nursing educator, neonatal nurse, critical care nurse, health policy nurse and surgical nurse.


The salary trends in nursing as a career can vary with experience and organisations. To start with, 1.4 lakhs to 2 lakhs per annum is a fair amount. It can go up to 8 lakhs per annum. Other than that, private assignments can be taken up to help those in need. During such conditions, remuneration can vary between Rs.10,000 to Rs.25,000.