Being a doctor is considered as one of the most divine and most respected profession in the society as to be a doctor immense hard work and dedication is required. Since it is a profession that offers no chance to do a mistake and handle human life directly, being a doctor has its benefits and disadvantages. It’s a profession that has service in mind and shall be done with utmost care and concern.

A solution to every and any discomfort you face is a Doctor. He is someone who has been trained and licensed to heal the sick. A doctor basically knows the way and shows the way. Sounds magnificent! but one can’t just jump on an escalator and get the tag of a doctor, one instead has to step on the rungs of opportunity, one by one, and climb the ladder. Time, patience, dedication and hard work must be added to every step you take to make sure you stand out and get paid off in the long run. You need to opt for Physics, Chemistry & Biology & Math (optional) in 10+2.

Specialization field involves:

  • Allergology
  • Anesthetics
  • Biological hematology
  • Cardiology
  • Child psychiatry
  • Clinical biology
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Clinical neurophysiology
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery
  • Dermato-venerology
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastro-entomologic surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • General hematology
  • General Practice
  • General surgery
  • Geriatrics


MBBS is all medical and even the biology we read in our 12th, that comes too little as basics of human biology in first year of MBBS.

In first year you will be having 5 major subjects and some sub-subjects within them:

  1. Anatomy
  2. Osteology
  3. Embryology
  4. Physiology
  5. Biochemistry


Anatomy may be one of the toughest subjects to handle in first year of MBBS. The subject deals with the structure of human body.It is suggested to stick to B.D Chaurasia anatomy book, as it is still considered the bible of anatomy.

Syllabus: The Syllabus for Anatomy for First Year MBBS has been listed below:

  • General Anatomy


  • Regional Anatomy
  • – Upper limb
  • – Lower limb
  • – Abdomen
  • – Thorax
  • – Head Face Neck
  • – Spinal Cord & Brain


  • Micro-Anatomy
  • I – General Histology
  • II – Systemic Histology


  • Developmental Anatomy
  • I – General Embryology
  • II – Systemic Embryology


  • Genetics


  • Radiological Anatomy, USG, CT, MRI


  • Surface Anatomy, Living & Marking



Physiology is quite easy to understand as it is relatively easy and less to mug up. However, don’t lose focus or you are going to lose a whole year of MBBS. Comprehensive knowledge of the normal functions of the organ systems of the body to facilitate an understanding of the physiological basis of health and diseases.

Physiology books of MBBS are numerous but the only recommended mostly is Ak Jain physiology

Syllabus: The Syllabus for Physiology for First Year MBBS has been listed below:

  • General Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Nerve
  • Muscle
  • Respiratory Physiology
  • Cardiovascular Physiology
  • Renal Physiology
  • Body Temperature Regulation
  • Alimentary System
  • Nutrition
  • Endocrine System
  • Reproductive Physiology
  • Special Senses: Eye, Ear, Taste, Smell
  • Central Nervous System


Biochemistry is all about scientific basis of the life processes at the molecular level. Many MBBS books are recommended for biochemistry, U Satyanarayan being the preferred choice.This subject has very few worthy topics for an MBBS student, unless you plan to go for post-graduation or diploma in biochemistry.

Syllabus: The Syllabus for Biochemistry for First Year MBBS has been listed below:

  • Molecular and functional organization of a cell and its sub-cellular components
  • Chemistry of enzymes and their clinical applications
  • Chemistry and metabolism of proteins and related disorders
  • Chemistry and metabolism of purines and pyrimidines and related disorders
  • Chemistry and functions of DNA and RNA , Genetic code ; Protein biosynthesis & regulation (Lac-operon)
  • The principles of genetic engineering and their applications in medicine
  • Chemistry and Metabolism of hemoglobin
  • Biological oxidation
  • Molecular concept of body defense and their applications in medicine
  • Vitamins and Nutrition
  • Chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates and related disorders
  • Chemistry and metabolism of lipids and related disorders
  • Mineral metabolism: Water and electrolyte balance & imbalance
  • Acid base balance and imbalance
  • Integration of various aspects of metabolism and their regulatory pathways with Starvation metabolism
  • Mechanism of hormone action
  • Environmental biochemistry
  • Liver function tests, Kidney function tests, Thyroid function tests
  • Detoxification mechanisms
  • Biochemical basis of cancer and carcinogenesis
  • Radioisotopes
  • Investigation techniques: (LCD-Topics ) Colorimeter, Electrophoresis, Chromatography & Flame photometer


PART 1   General Embryology

To have a good grasp on:

  • Principles of human embryology
  • Importance of human embryology
  • Structure and function of sperm and oocyte
  • Process and significance of fertilization
  • Cleavage and formation of blastocyst
  • Implantation
  • Formation of embryonic layers and differentiation
  • Fetal membrane and placenta
  • Stem cell and embryonic stem cell

To familiarize with:

  • Meiosis and gametogenesis
  • Acrosome reaction and capacitation of sperm
  • Face development and common anomalies

To have an overview on:

  • Fertilization and its regulation

PART 2  Systems-Based Embryology

  1. Cardiovascular System

To have a good grasp on:

  • Constituent of embryonic cardiovascular system
  • Development of heart
  • Characteristics of fetal circulation and changes occur at birth
  • Common congenital anomalies of cardiovascular system

To familiarize with:

  • Development of aortic arch
  1. Digestive System & Respiratory System

To have a good grasp on:

  • Formation of primitive gut
  • Development of intestine
  • Formation and evolution of cloaca
  • Development of pancreas and liver
  • Development of laryngotracheal diverticulum
  • Some congenital malformations of digestive tract

To familiarize with:

  • Congenital malformations of the respiratory system
  • Development of esophageal and stomach




III.  Urogenital System

To have a good grasp on:

  • Development of metanephros and bladder
  • Polycystic kidney and urachal fistula
  • Development and movement of primordial germ cells and development of testis
  • Development of mesonephric duct; occurrence of cryptorchidism and congenital inguinal hernia
  • Development of paramesonephric duct

To familiarize with:

  • Development of pronephros and mesonephros
  • Sex determination
  • Occurrence of hermaphroditism and testicular feminization syndrome
  • Development of ovary
  • Occurrence of some congenital malformations

To have an overview on:

  • Development of urethra
  • Other congenital abnormalities of urinary system
  • Occurrence of ectopic testis, hypospadias, congenital hydrocele, agenesis of penis, and congenital deficiency of 5α reductase

Higher medical degrees:

Doctors who hold a primary qualification can go on to a further academic study specializing to the field of interest, involving research, i.e.,

  • Doctor of Medicine by research (MD(Res), DM)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil)
  • Master of Clinical Medicine (MCM)
  • Master of Medical Science (MMSc, MMedSc)
  • Master of Medicine (MM, MMed)
  • Master of Philosophy (MPhil)